Sage, or Salvia officinalis, is a hardy perennial that can grow up to 30 inches tall. It is known for its green-gray oblong leaves, very veiny, and whorls of purple flowers in spikes. Sage also has woody stems.
It has a unique flavor, a part of the Mint family, and is used in several recipes. It is also used in several medical practices. Sage is used most often for its essential oils. With the proper care, this plant will have a very strong aroma and flavor.
Sage needs well drained medium-rich alkaline soil with full sun. Proper and frequent trimming is necessary for continuous growth. Sage also needs frequent division to keep it growing at a healthy rate. Use seeds and cuttings to continue the amount of sage in the garden.
Sage has been found to help manage Alzheimer’s disease.